$2.95 – $7.95
Soil: Mesic(Medium) to (Xeric)Dry
Sun: Full to Part
Flowers: The 2-lipped flowers are 3/4″ long. The lower lip is 3 lobed. It has 2 stamens and sharp-tipped bracts around the flowers. They bloom in round clusters at the top of the square stems.
Leaves: The leaves are 1″-2 1/2″ long, lance shaped and toothed. They grow in opposite pairs along the square stem.
This is native to the upland prairie, although grows in a variety of situations. It is a beautiful plant with aromatic foliage. It’s flowers are attractive to hummingbirds and butterflies and are nice in bouquets as well. Give this plant plenty of room. They are best in large garden situations or borders and restoration projects. This is our native bee-balm in Minnesota!
Medicinal Uses: The Winnebago and Blackfoot used an oil from the leaves to treat pimples. Others used it to treat colds, digestive and respiratory ailments. A warm bath with the leaves was thought to cure chills.
Food Uses: The fresh or dried leaves can be used for tea. Bergamot oil is what flavors Earl Grey tea.
Other Uses: Wild Bergamot will help keep plant eating insects out of your garden.
More Information: The flowers are very attractive to bees, butterflies & hummingbirds.
Name: Named for Nicholas Minardes – a 16th century Spanish doctor and horticulturist. “Bergamot” comes from a small citrus tree that has a similar fragrance.