Soil: Mesic(Medium) to (Xeric)Dry
Flowers: Flowers are composite. There is a sharp bristly cone in the center with light purple to pink ray flowers around it.
Leaves: Leaves are basal, long and narrow and quite rough to the touch!
This native to Minnesota Purple Coneflower is found on upland prairies. It is a great restoration plant and an excellent plant for the learning garden (see below). It is attractive to hummingbirds, butterflies and birds. It is also very pretty and useful in bouquets. Grows well on sand and gravelly soils!
Medicinal Uses: Today Echinacea is used to boost the immune system. It is believed to ward off colds and the flu however, at high doses the effectiveness decreases. Recent studies show that Echinacea may have anti-inflammatory properties and be useful in a wide variety of areas. Native Americans used Echinacea to treat snakebites, burns, toothaches, colds, sore throat, headache, gonorrhea, mumps, tonsillitis, and smallpox (when mixed with puffball spores and skunk oil). Early settlers used it for almost every ailment. The juice from the plant can prevent burns.
Food Uses: Chewing the root increases saliva and reduces thirst.
Other Uses: Echinacea is toxic to mosquitoes and houseflies. It also attracts goldfinches.
Other Name: Black Sampson
Name: Echinacea is from the Greek word for hedgehog. It refers to the spiny chaff in the center of the flower.
Other Names: Kansas Snakeroot, Echinacea, Snakeroot, Purple Coneflower, Scurvy Root, Comb Flower, Black Sampson, and Hedge Hog