An aromatic perennial with feathery leaves and clusters of white flowers.
Soil: Xeric (Dry) – Mesic (Medium). Thrives in poor soils. Drought tolerant.
Sun: Full Sun, Part Sun
Height: 1-3 feet
Bloom Color: White
Bloom Time: June – September
Suggested Uses: Common Yarrow is a superb pollinator plant for gardens. The flowers are very useful in fresh cut and dried flower arrangements. This plant is an early successional species that spreads through rhizomes and reseeds readily and may be considered aggressive by some gardeners.
Range: Common across the U.S. where it is both native and has been introduced from Europe.
Pollinators: Great for many types of pollinators! It is a larval host for many butterfly and moth species.
Flowers: Flowers are arranged in flat clusters at the top of the plant. There are usually 5 petal-like ray flowers and 5-20 disk flowers in the center of each 1/4″ flower head.
Leaves: The 6″ leaves are alternate, linear to lance-shaped, or oblong. They are feather-like, with even the small branches of the leaves having branches. The early leaves can be mistaken for ferns. Foliage is aromatic when crushed.
Lakota Uses: ȟaŋté čhaŋȟlóǧaŋ is used for a wide variety of medicinal purposes. Read more from Linda Black Elk here.
Food Uses: It was used in Europe as a flavoring for beer.
Name: The scientific species name “millefolium” means “thousand leaves” and Achillea refers to the legend that the hero Achilles used the plant to treat wounds during the Trojan war.
Other Names: Knight’s-Milfoil, Nosebleed Plant, Old-Man’s Pepper, Soldier’s Woundwort, Thousand Leaf
More information: USDA plant profile