Soil: Hydric(Wet) to Mesic(Medium)
Sun: Full to Part
Flowers: The tube-like flowers have 5 petals and 2 lips. The upper has 2 lobes, the lower has 3 lobes. They bloom in a loose cluster along a long tall stem. The 5 stamens make a tube around the style.
Leaves: The 6" alternate leaves are toothed and oblong to lance shaped.
This showy red spike of flowers makes quite a splash of color in the rain garden or shoreline restoration. These plants are fairly short-lived. They should be grown in moist, sandy soils and should be mulched to conserve moisture and to protect them from harsh winter conditions. They are very attractive to hummingbirds and make a nice cut flower!
Medicinal Uses: Native Americans used Cardinal Flower to treat cramps, stomachache, and typhoid. It was also used as an aphrodisiac and to strengthen other medicines.
Other Uses: It is pollinated exclusively by hummingbirds.
Name: Named for Matthias von Lobel, a 16th century Flemish herbalist.